Sir Muhammad Iqbal was born on 9th November 1877 in Sialkot, Punjab which was India under British rule at that time. No one would have thought back then that this child is going to change the lives of millions of people.
Allama Iqbal got his early education from a Madrassa. He passed his matriculation from Sialkot Mission School. He gained his Bachelor of Arts degree in English literature and Arabic from Government College in 1897 and got his Masters degree after two years.
He started working as a lecturer of philosophy, history, and English at Oriental College. He then went to England to pursue higher studies. After getting a degree from Cambridge he got his PhD. in Munich and became a lawyer.
After returning to India in 1908 he practised law and continued with his poetry. He had an interest in poetry since a young age and it was flourished after he came under the influence of Sir Thomas Arnold who introduced eastern and western culture to Iqbal and he became fascinated with it. Iqbal was a young voice, a fresh perspective for western culture and ideas.
He started writing poetry in Persian when he was in Europe. According to Allama Iqbal writing in Persian allowed him to fully express himself.
He became a part of politics when he was in England and in 1908 he was elected to the executive committee of All-India Muslin League’s British chapter.
Allama Iqbal addressed the youth and the people through his poetry. His poetry had elements of Islam and its teachings. His poetry changed people’s perspectives towards their enslaved lives and a sense of freedom was introduced to them through Iqbal’s poetry. Allama Iqbal’s poetry was said to be responsible for the people to change their mindset towards the west. Many thesis writing services in Pakistan claim that the people were enlightened with a sense of fulfilment and equality through his poetry. He single-handedly united people by highlighting the concept of unity in Islam and encouraged them to portray brotherhood as being united will bring them their freedom and being separated would only cause slavery.
Iqbal gave many revolutionary speeches and lectures in Madras, Hyderabad, and Aligarh. A book was published out of these lectures called “The Reconstruction of Religious Thought on Islam”.
In 1930, at Allahabad address, Allama Iqbal presented an idea of a separate nation for Muslims of the Sub-Continent because they were not treated equally.
This address will definitely go down as one of the most historic events in the Sub-Continent.
Allama Iqbal was the first to dream of a separate nation for Muslims which later became a reality under Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s leadership. Allam Iqbal often wrote to Jinnah and expressed his desires for a separate country which initially made Jinnah interested in the idea.
Allah Iqbal’s poetry was revolutionary among the Muslims of the Sub-Continent and is still an inspiration for millions of Pakistani’s and people all over the world.
Some of the most inspiring poetic pieces of Allama Iqbal include “Bang-e-Dara”, “Shikwa and Jawab-e-Shikwa”, “Zaboor-e-Ajam”, “Lab Pe Aati Hai Dua”, Tarana-e-Hindi”, etc. Allama Iqbal was given the title of “The Poet of East” by scholars and academics.
Sir Muhammad Iqbal passed away on April 21, 1938. He is buried in Lahore.